You are pregnant and maybe you have a child – see what benefits you have
Pregnancy and child-raising involve a great deal of responsibility on the part of parents. They are responsible not only to teach them hygiene or how to speak or live in society, but also they should provide them an adequate standard for living. While staying in the UK as a parent, you can take advantage of many privileges, but not everyone knows who and what benefits for a child in the UK are entitled to him/her. In addition, each of the four parts of Great Britain (England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland) has different types and amounts of benefits. It is worth finding out them even before coming to the UK.
For pregnant women
Throughout the UK as a pregnant woman, you can obrain free dental care within the NHS. What’s more, she has the right to free prescriptions written by a doctor throughout the United Kingdom, but living in England she would have free care only during pregnancy and one year after childbirth. To get it, she should fill out an FW8 form available from her doctor or midwife.
If you have a baby
First of all, as a parent, you have an access to the payment of amount, which is a form of assistance to parents paid by the government to ensure appropriate living conditions for children. It is paid for every child under the age of 16 (or 20 if they continue to study) and depend on whether the child is first or second.
At present, the first child receives £20.70, and the next one receives £13.70 per week. To get child benefit you must complete the CH2 form available on the government website www.gov.uk. Benefits in the UK are reduced if the annual income of parents exceeds £50,000. Then, after completing the supplementary tax return form, part of the allowance is paid.
If I earn little
Benefits in England are granted to families who did not exceed the relevant income ceiling as in Poland. If you have a child under the age of 16 (or 20 if he still studies), use a special calculator and determine how many children you have (from April 2017 it is payable only for the first two children, or the first two births) and whether they are not disabled, you can apply for Child Tax Credit.
This is paid annually by the government for child support. To complete this form, please fill out the form available after the order on the telephone number 0345 300 3900. Those who currently have two children and who are entitled to a Child Tax Credit are not applied to changes in 2017, because they will only apply to new beneficiaries. The same would apply to people who receive Universal Credit – who are unemployment or who have low income support.
If a woman is at least in 10th week of pregnancy or has a child under the age of three and is a beneficiary of government support (Child Tax Credit or unemployment support), then she can apply for a weekly voucher for food products. These are primarily milk, fresh vegetables and fruits, vitamins and milk modified for children. Girls, who are pregnant under the age of 18, receive such a voucher regardless of the received benefits received in the UK.
To get Healthy Start food vouchers on a weekly basis, you only need to visit a midwife, community nurse or doctor. Then you get £3.10 if you are pregnant or have a baby over one years old, but who is less than four years old or who is less than one years of age you get £6.20. When adopting a baby you can also get single Start Maternity Grant (SMG). The child must be an only child (or multiple pregnancy during the first one), and the parent must take some form of allowance guaranteed by the British state. This form of allowance is also possible for parents adopting a child under 1 year of age and for surrogates, but additional conditions must be met.
If you work
If the parent’s earnings are too low and the beneficiary’s age does not exceed 25 years of age and the parent works at least 16 hours per week and pays for childcare, you can get Working Tax Credit. This way you can cover the cost of childcare up to 70% of their amount. This allowance is also available to minors and disabled people with children.
The amount that is earned is calculated by the government calculator, where it is necessary to state whether the income from the previous tax year will be reduced or increased. You also need to fill out a form that you can order by calling 0345 300 3900.
If you work and expect a baby
Like every employee in the UK, a pregnant woman has the right not only to paid leave but also to paid working time for the doctor’s visit, appointment with a midwife or any additional activities recommended by a doctor activities such as relaxation or birth school. Also, the time of arrival to such a place is also added to this time.
The partner can attend these meetings (if they do not exceed 6,5 h) and receive free leave. To take advantage of this leave, he does not need to have any certificate – he should only tell his employer about the date of this meeting.
You have a child? If so then you need to find out what is Tax-Free Childcare.
For women: If you were an employee and you born or adopted, a child
Paid maternity leave is available to a woman for 39 weeks. This applies to women who have worked for at least 26 weeks and earned about £112 per week. During the first 6 weeks of maternity leave a woman can receive 90% of the salary, and during the next 33 weeks – £139.58 or 90% of the salary (the amount is lower), and the last 13 weeks of maternity leave is already free.
To receive paid maternity leave, you must first inform your employer about your pregnancy. 15 weeks before the date of childbirth you must also tell him when you are going to stop work and then you must inform the boss 28 days before your leave. When you run a business or do not meet the above conditions, you can go on leave on other conditions, so-called. Maternity Allowance: £139.58 per week or 90% of weekly salary (whichever is lower) for 39 weeks and £27 per week during last 14 weeks. And you have to fill out the MA1 form.
Are you expecting a baby? If so, start planning your home budget.
For men: If you were an employee and you have or have adopted a child
There are also other benefities in the UK for a child such as paid paternity leave, which is a 1-2 week leave for biological or adoptive fathers, mother partners or surrogate parents, with the same restrictions. To receive it, a man must complete the SC3 form at least 15 weeks before the birth of the child. You can also benefit divided paid maternity leave or leave for adoptive parents on similar terms.
If you study
Students, high school students or students who are expecting a child are provided with the cost of living, studying, traveling and caring for their child.